Registration Methods

Assembly printing registration methods

Photographers came upon the methods used in printmaking and animation. The hand was quicker than the eye. Autographic artists needed and provided the solution to registration systems before color photographers were even aware there could be a problem.

peg system

2-hole paper punch was patented in 1886, and commercial punches were being made 2 years later. Winsor McCay was using cross marks during the making of Little Nemo in 1911. Randolph Bray patented the cross-marks being used (1107193, 1914)

By 1928, Adolph Furer’s machine shop, Acme Tool was contracted by Walt and Roy disney to modify cameras for stop motion. Micky Mouse, Plane Crazy was drawn using 2 hole punch cells.

F L Goldman, 1929 filed a patent for 3-round hole peg system. This paten 1715127 included stress relief gaps in punched holes. By 1945 this became the standard method of peg registration.


Patent Date Comment
2455735 April 1945 Condax: Registration of Color-Separation Images

The Kodak dye transfer process brought about another market for registration systems. Registration is needed in two distinct phases of production: A- the mask & separation step wherein you are working with film stacks; B- the print stage at which time the image is assembled. The Condax patent is for use in the printing of dye transfers. To long time printers, the Kodak blanket is based upon the Condax patent (2455735)