Overview of Positions towards photography

after notes on John L. Ward


Book: The Criticism of Photography as Art: The Photographs of Jerry Uelsmann, 1970.

Periodicals: “Historical Survey of Approaches to Criticism,” Photo Communique, May/fun-Sept/Oct 1979.

BIBLIOGRAPHY of criticism he referenced:



Anderson, P. L. Pictorial Photography, Its Principles and Practice. Philadelphia, 1917. 

“Monsieur Demachy and English Photographic Art.” Remarks by A.M., Robert Demachy, C. B. Shaw, F. H. Evans, F. M. Sutcliffe. Camera Work 18 (April, 1907), 41-49. 

Robinson, Henry Peach. Pictorial Effect in Photography. London, 1896. Tilney, F. C. “What Pictorialism Is.” The Photo-Miniature 16 (January, 1924}: 565. 

Caffin, Charles H. Photography as a Fine Art. New York, 1901. 

Hartmann, Sadakichi. “Gertrude Kessebier.” The Photographic Times 32 (May, 1900): 195-99. “Rudolph Eickemeyer, Jr.” The Photographic Times 32 (April, 1900): 161-66.

 Johnston, J. Dudley. “The Art of Alexander Keighley, Hon FRPS.” The American Annual of Photography 1949 63: 7-22. 


Craven, Thomas. “Art and the Camera.” Nation 118 (April 16, 1924): 456-57. Eastlake, Lady Elizabeth. “Photography.” London Quarterly Review (American edition) 101 (1857): 241-55. Gernsheim, Helmut. New Photo Vision. London, 1942. Pennell, Joseph. “Is Photography among the Fine Arts?”‘ Contemporary Review 72 (1897), 824-36. Weston, Edward. “Techniques of Photographic Art.” Encyclopedia Britannica 17 (1957): 801-2. 

Agee, James. “A Way of Seeing.” Introductory essay in: Helen Levitt, A Way of Seeing. New York, 1965. Greenberg, Clement. “The Camera’s Glass Eye.’ Nation 162 (March 9, 1946): 294-96. Tillim, Sidney. “Walker Evans: Photography as Representation.” Art Forum 7 (March, 1967): 14-18. 
3.Intentionalism a.Esthetics “Ask These 20 Questions Whenever You Study a Picture.” Popular Photography 42 (March, 1958), 60-61. Chappell, Walter, and Minor White. ”Some Methods for Experiencing Photographs.”’Aperture 5, no. 4 (1957): ]56-71. Hattersley, Ralph. “Notions on The Criticism of Visual Photography.” Aperture 10, no. 3 (1963): 91—114. Kraszna”Krausz, A. “Criticism of Photographs.” The Focal Encyclopedia of Photography. New York, 1960, pp. 281-82. b.Criticism “Editors Read Eleven Pictures.” Popular Photography 42 (March, 1958): 70-82. Gutman, Judith Mara, Lewis W. Hine and the American Social Conscience. New York, 1967. Perrin, Stephen C. “Editorial.” The Boston Review of Photography 3 (November, 1967): 9-10. 



White Minor. “What Is Meant by ‘Reading’ Photographs.” Aperture 5, no. 2 (19.57): 48-50. 


Durrell,James, Jr. “Application of a Formal Method for Reading ‘Pictorial’ Photographs.” Aperture 6, no. 2 (1958): 84-86. “The Experience of Photographs, 5 Photographs by Aaron Siskind, 5 Readings by: Kurt Safranski, Henry Holmes Smith, Myron Martin, Walter Chappell, Sam Tung \Vu.” Aperture 5, no. 3 (1957): 112-28. “An Experiment in ‘Reading’ Photographs: A Consolidation of Readings by Students at the Rochester Institute of Technology.” Aperture 5, no. 2 (1957): 51-75. Smith, Henry Holmes. “Image, Obscurity and Interpretation.” Aperture 5, no. 4 (19,57): 136-47. 

5.Archetypal Analysis; 

Parker, William E. “Uelsmann’s Unitary Reality.” Aperture 13, no. 3 (1967): unpaginated.